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δ?ش󔵓ǻ۳еđ

    ǻ۳еĽO͑Уa?TBPBԽ?ԽĔ?ĶM󔵓r2011Scienceָ󔵓rѽ ?ԺԺʿҲָ󔵓׌҂?FAyģҕͰlFҎɵȷ摪õĕrҪ?WRy?ʽӴ оlչӋWRJ󔵓δ?ġʯ͡@ӋҪ^ǰġY?ٹ·Ӌǻ۳нOijѽ?

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@?KףҪ׌ҰѾW·AOʩOã׌õĺáõòáòǻۻ͵㡣ҺIԓץügº͹Pоǻ۳ĔַծaIİlչõ،?FNܻđá

ǻ۳нOһֹ̣һҪÿеc플OӋyһҎ?ֲ?ʩ󔵓cǻ۳PS

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ǻ۳(smart city)@һl20o80Y?(information city)v20o90ܳ(intelligent city)(digital city)2000ݻǻ۳С2009IBM˾״ǻ۳ʹǻ۳c?`ȫ򹠇ѸقĿǰښW ޺ͱД?ѽOǻ۳УIBM˾cǻ۳Ќ_2 500N΢ܛ˼ơTӡµȿƼ˾ԼɭܡWż{̘I򹤳Jԃ˾ҲڷeOǻ۳нOAӋ2020ǻ۳P aIЈҎģ_4 000

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оح󔵓cǻ۳֮gӵP“PS?

N󔵓cǻ۳@ɂ?KՓĸ֮gӵP“PS?ھwǻ۳Ҏ?У󔵓ְʲNɫӵİlչǰ?Č̽ӑ}

1󔵓cǻ۳УMcP“

1.1 ǻ۳

1972ġṤI?R(The Coming of PostIndustrial Society)һ1970鹤IcṤIķˮX?ֵICTİlչճ?V?B͸ͬrICTҲ?uɞ ?lչPIṤIͨҲQY?@һ˼Ӱ푣20o80ijоY?и20o90L?³ ģо~ˠ͵(Michael Batty)ܳи˼?{“WgY??иҪλǧᣬȻ“W·g (P2Ppeer-to-peer)ƄܽK˺“WaӰ̣ICTg֧£йܸ}s\ ЧиϵyĽ}ҲԽ?Խ롣njICTg?V춳аlչ?KǃHH\ЧʣKĿˑdzн?Ŀɳmlչ Ʒ|Լ?ӹƽԵĴM@ЩJRǻ۳и\

Ȼǻ۳иҲܵS|ɣҪԭǻ۳ЃȺHмgϵyҲйϵy߀ϵyͬr ĿָҲ漰?ΡĵȶSȣǻ۳еĴ_жx˘OyĿǰWg猦ǻ۳δo?VJɵĽyһxHһ ϵyǻ۳пܱ^ʹã@ϵyքeǣǻ۽?(smart economy)ǻ(smart people)ǻ۹(smart governance)ǻƄ(smart mobility)ǻۭh(smart environment)(smart living)aI猦ǻ۳еJRɿYһܛӲw“jgxICTϵyԼr?电cMĿƌWgYϣf ˂MиԵěQߣ?Ķaˮʡ

1.2 󔵓

˂ÿl10flأYÿ犈200fȫÿa2.5λԪM(EB260)2013껥“W _1 000λԪM@Щֹͬ^󔵓1980꣬δ?WҰġзվڡ˳һἰˡ󔵓;s 2009꣬󔵓_ʼICTId𡣲ͬC͌Wߞ󔵓^Nͬx^?VJɵ󔵓cyҪeġ3V 硪ٶcԡwF䔵_λԪM?λԪMeyԂy̎ʽںrgɷ;ٶwF锵 ^̵ٶȣҲǴ󔵓мr;ԄtҪFڴ󔵓?ͺ?ԴĶӡ@Щcʹ܉Ч󔵓ձmõĔMc̎g ɞPI

1.3 McP“

Կǻ۳иMcICTڅlչܲɷ֡ԣ󔵓cǻ۳зքe20o?ICTMăɂ桪󔵓 ͰlչҪ?ICTIİlչǻ۳иͰlչtICTӰ?˼^cO?`Mķӳ֮gоoܵ P“PSǻ۳еİlչӚICTgİlչaڅ}sҲICTIµęCһ棬񌦻ICTĸ? ICTMһlչṩЈ֧;һ棬ÑܷյͬrҲ˾?޴̘IƌWrֵY?ҲǴ󔵓 ǻ۳еҎ?cOҪгֵļgcl̎\^ЮaĴ󔵓нͨϵyaļrͨY?н?ϵya̘IY?ȣ ؄edzй()ǻ۳Mǻ۹Ҫһ״󔵓ϵyH漰ռ惦߀漰?ԲͬИIͬ?e φ}@һϵгйÓx󔵓gǟo?Fġ

2 󔵓rǻ۳Ҏ??`Hc

ĿԿǻ۳@һ?춮aI磬?KͮaIƄӌ?`WgmȻҲ_չPоδɞǻ۳нOҪƄ ҲоcÌ?`һࡣˣČҪ@aIPO󔵓rǻ۳Ҏ??`r gж̣ĿǰPǻ۳߀δFurwϵH?Կ¶ڵʮǻ۳^Jɣą@һϵ()CϿ ]󔵓Pgڸصđˮʣx10ǻ۳ОcYٔY󔵓ڇHǻ۳Ҏ?еđMչ

ͬrąǻ۳ϵyķܣքe󔵓PgڸϵyđáҪָǣϵyеǻ۽?خaIlչǻؽ˰lչcƽȣc󔵓P^ʲ̽ӑ

2.1 󔵓AOʩ

󔵓ī@ȡcݔه춸w?VٶȿݵĻ“W·˻“WAOʩ?wcǻ۳нOıҪh?1993꣬ ˇY?AOʩ(NII)Ӌ?KSȫY?AOʩ(GII)Ӌдһطٻ򳬸ٌlW·OӋ ¼(2005)ڡǻۇ2015(iN2015)ӋOȫ渲wijٌlW·Y?ͨ?AOʩ;?ӋͶY2 400fӢ^^͵ărСIṩٌlW·;Ӣǻ۳Ӌ?IJY˹кͲքeͶYl100fӢ^800fӢ^ 춌lW·O;֥ӸͶYOһlµĹwW·ʹW_ǧ׼e?KϣԘO߸Եăr๫˾֥ӸͬrSƄӽK ռMoW·ҲɞW·AOʩĽOc?cӢƄӾW·\I֮һO2˾OWMoW·Ӌ?Oڮ ȡ^ȫ150;~sӋڸD(Fulton Street)BAMĻ^ʮN̎օ^ṩMoW·;ԇcҪֵЈ(Market Street)ṩMoW·;ķ˹صԇcڰɪ(IJburg)ۿṩMoW·ȡ

ӲwAOʩ֮⣬ܛwAOʩ_Ŕͬǻ۳нOҪA_Ŕc_lѳɞǻ۳нOıh ?2009_Ŕһ_ŔijУ?ԶT500Ml?ѣɴ˴200֙C ;~s_2400M?K?2009ÿekBig Appsʽ_l?Ŀǰ_Ŕij;?ҲȫƳ_Ŕƽ_ij֮һɴ_l֙Cѱd;SҲ{?¡{ ķ˹صňDʿDȳо_ŎװǧNM;籾߀ӋO_Ŕƽ_ȫ桢Y˜ʻġ_ŃrֵW·(open value network)yһ픵Ʒ|ƶʹ×l?Kṩϡҕȷա

2.2 ǻ۹

ɳ\aĽͨh̘IȸI򔵓Ǿ޴ģ@Щ^ķھɮayܷӳij\Y? Ŀǰcǻ۹PĴ󔵓?ԴҪɱ?ȫеĔz^ռҕlӰɸ?МyռĭhȷY?ɸ?KռˢY?ͨ^ Cû罻WվؕIPY?ȡ䑪÷ʽҪwFIһǼrOcͻl¼̎?¡{͸˹綼ӋȫдҎģ?Ôz^ ԼrReġȮ?r;sȱR߀_OһO80 mOҕij\пģ@ʾ?ȫ900z^ıOӰ?30ͬT50ˆTˮ{ͨ¹ʡܵ©ͻl ơգSҲ{ʿD˹綼Ƴ(ӋƳ)춈ϵ֙C;˹¸砖Ħ2007ͶY 7000fWԪ_l50ӷգ?K˽˳еĹɱǹc󔵓ʹ˂Ԙӳнɭhr׃Sҕϵy@? ϵy鹫cƽ_Autodesk˾ڵ‡?(Bamberg)_lijSҕϵyӑՓF·OʹiPad ɲtF·߅hӰ푣?ʡ˹cĕrg

2.3 ǻ۳

ͨĺҎ?c茧ǎ׺гLRĆ}󔵓?VcrԄtQ@?}ṩµĿܡĿǰ󔵓ǻ۳I ҪwFڃɷ档һǽͨrOأ?ءʿDͲ(Ӌ)ñ?ȫеĔz^Oؼrͨ;߀z^͸?Мyռ ĽͨY?yһģɹˆTr{ؽͨǽͨY?rṩ簢ķ˹صͰ?¡{ͨ^bͣ܇ĸМyṩrͣ܇λ Y?;?Ͱ?¡{(Ӌ)ṩ܇rλY?;ʿDWLṩУ܇λY?;?؞ṩ܇λ Ϣȡ

2.4 ǻۭh

ǻ۳иF֮ǰBС̼еȸѱ?VܣҲǧȫаlչPעcĿǰ󔵓ǻۭhIđҪ wFڃɷ档һԴʹùb늾WϵyеĸМyɼrռÑܺY??Kr{ԴoֵͬĽB֮gMͨ ԴʹЧʣ?ءķ˹صňD˹¸砖ĦSжӋǻ늾W(Smart Grid)ձǧ~c˾˵؅^Դϵy(AEMS)ǭhƷ|Oأ籾ðb܇݆ϵĸМyռ՚Ʒ|Y? ?¡{ðb·ϵĸМyռs?ȾY?ȡ

2.5 ǻ

mȻǻ۳漰gݣărֵ춞ṩ|(Quality of Life)@Ҳǎ׺Їǻ۳нO?{ġĿǰ󔵓ڴIđҪwFշ棬SҲ{?¡{~sȳ_ ĻAϱ_lˎʮNϰٷN?֙Cã?ࡢ˹ȳЄtͨ^ӋȼgrY?Mз?K˞ṩՌ? rY?⣬˼ƹ˾ǻB^(Smart+Connected Communities)ͨ^ܾW·ϵy^ķաY?Ⱥȸ?YԴYϣg^DһӾo“M^ҲԿ t@ɂǻҪ棬󔵓δ@^?|Եđá

 


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